for by faith - my daily journal

Is “foreknown” more than seeing the future? – 1 Pet 1:20

He was foreknown before the foundation of the world…”

Romans 8:29-30 “…those whom He foreknew…He predestined…called…justified…and glorified.”


The above two verses both use the word “foreknowledge,” which in common parlance may mean the capacity to “see into the future.”

In fact, many cite Romans 8:29-30 to advocate a false doctrine that purports that God simply looked into the future and ratifies those who accept salvation through their own free will.

1 Peter 1:20, however, speaks of Christ’s death on the cross, “foreknown, before the foundation of the world.” Using the same definition, does this mean that God simply looked into the future and ratifies Christ’s death on the cross?

How utterly ridiculous that would be.

In Acts 2:23, Luke even ties foreknowledge to an active predetermination as follows: “…Jesus…this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross…and put Him to death.”


We do not have a God that simply looks into the future and accepts whatever happens. We have a God that is fully involved with planning and executing His will and to His glory.

In Greek and English Interlinear New Testament by William and Robert Mounce they define “foreknowledge” as follows: “to appoint as the subject of future privileges and a previous determination.” This is active, not passive.

A God that can “see into the future” is certainly a powerful God. Yet, a God that actively appoints the future is even more potent.


What level of authority does your God have?


"It wasn't a potential atonement actuated by the sinner, it was an actual atonement initiated by the savior."

John MacArthur